History Of The Vacuum CleanerPosted on August 10th, 2009 No comments
Invention of the sweeper
Precise information on the first vacuum cleaners are not secured. There are good reasons that the Americans Anna and Melville Bissell essential to the development of the vacuum cleaner contributed, although Bissell 1876 patent is not the first idea in this direction was taken. Early as 1865, an American in Chicago have built something similar. The Bissell had a glass business (in other sources is of a bakery’s speech), and both the defendant incurred dust, which was painstakingly removed and again led to fierce Niesreaktionen.
The technically gifted Melville then designed a device that is the raising of the dust should be prevented. The idea was that the dust by a hand crank-operated air pump directly into a container to be catapulted. The Melville convincing customers of their business from the device and soon (1883) began the series production. The success also supported the theory of the French scientist Louis Pasteur from pathogenic bacilli, which were transmitted by dust. The population fell almost into a cleaning compulsion. According to Melville’s sweeper was raging paragraph. The success was so great that it was said that the carpet “gebissellt”.
Strictly speaking, was not yet a vacuum cleaner was invented, but merely a sweeper.
Vacuum suction cups
The invention of the vacuum cleaner has its origins in a functionally incompetent vacuum cleaner to 1898 in London as the latest fashions from the USA was presented. A compressed air tank and a tin box were the main characteristics of the device. The idea that this machine is the dust from the carpet in the tin box would blow, proved to be unreal, but stirred the imagination of a certain Hubert Cecil Booth, who as a young English engineer on the right idea. Do not blow the secret was, but imbibe. His own words suggest that he was a self-experiment on the crucial idea: He had to verify his ideas about his armchair bowed deeply, and once inhaled. The success was a strong fit of coughing. In the second attempt, he sucked the dirt with a cloth, and lo and behold: the dirt remained in the cloth.
For the registration of the patent were still three years of hard development work needed before the electric vacuum pump was functional. The pump sucked the dust into a container. To view the congestion of the vacuum pump to avoid a piece of filter material used.
Like so many developments were also among the first devices vacuum cleaners large and unwieldy for households too expensive. Instead, it went cleaning companies with the bulky equipment through the area and offered their services to households. In the hotel and catering industry and wealthy households sat fixed by suction. It was the pump in the basement and placed on the pipes with spaces.
That the mobile vacuum cleaner service a great success and had a lot of work, including a documented incident during the First World War. The already mentioned Booth was called Crystal Palace in London, as there existed the suspicion that, for the typhus disease some reservists by dust-borne bacteria were responsible. Clean-up work on two weeks now and Booth’s team gathered in the neighborhood of the naval soldiers as much as 26 truckloads of dust.
Even Booth’s vacuum pump is just a precursor of today’s vacuum cleaner, in which the Ansaugeffekt not by a pump, but by a fan motor is generated. This procedure is based on the development of the American James Murray Spangler, who his patent to his cousin, WH Hoover sold. This 1908 order established a factory in the former New Berlin, now renamed in North Canton, Ohio, USA, and produced the successful Hooverstaubsauger. In England bürgerte in this way even the phrase “doing the hoovering” for the dust eyes an activity.
To view the history of the people to complete, much to the spread of the electric vacuum cleaner contributed, was also the Stockholm Axel Wenner-Gren called the 1912 the company joined Lux. Its development, the first household vacuum cleaner with the name LUX 1, became a hit. The company notified later by Electrolux and is today with business interests in the company AEG is one of the leading manufacturers of household appliances.
A little later, in 1916, Hoover introduced the model “0″ out. This hand-held vacuum cleaner for the inclusion of the dirt bag, a substance in which a replaceable vacuum cleaner bags could be used. This model also visually similar to the already Handstaubsaugern today.
With the electric vacuum cleaner as a replacement for Broom, Dustpan and brush set the total electrification of the household, which is so important today, with electronic devices such as kitchen scales and electric can opener certainly is not over yet. Until World War II were vacuum cleaners – as well as other electric appliances – a luxury. In the’50s, the devices still handier and cheaper and the latest were in the 1970s in almost every household used.
The triumph gave the vacuum cleaner but also in the truest sense of the word widespread dissemination of carpet design product. Because until then were carpets, if any, loose on the ground and were often, especially in the annual spring cleaning of the house and managed to thoroughly ausgeklopft and ventilated. Normally used mainly for the carpet beater. The mobile cleaning by the electric vacuum cleaner is now allowed, Auslegeware to use. This is another example of the fact that developments in the household often not appropriate additional equipment depended.General Information Crystal Palace in London, history, Hubert Cecil Booth, Invention of the sweeper, James Murray Spangler, Melville, sweeper, Vacuum Cleaner History, Vacuum suction cups
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